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Super Big Black Hole From The Farthest Early Universe Found | Science News

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Super Big Black Hole From The Farthest Early Universe Found.

This illustration provided by the Carnegie Institution for science shows the most distant supermassive black hole ever discovered, which is part of a quasar of just 690 million years after the Big Bang. Wednesday, December 6, 2017, a team led by Eduardo Banados of the Carnegie observatories reported the discovery in the journal Nature. (Robin Dienel / Carnegie Institution for science through AP)

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Cape Canaveral, Florida (AP) Astronomers have discovered a super-sized black hole harkening back to almost the dawn of creation.

It’s the farthest black hole ever found.

A team led by Eduardo Banados of Carnegie observatories reported in the journal Nature on Wednesday that the black hole is in a quasar 690 million years of the Big Bang. This means that the light of this quasar has been traveling our way for more than 13 Million years.

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Banados said the quasar offers a unique baby image of the universe, when it was only 5% of its current age.

It would be like seeing photos of a 50-year-old man when he was 2 1/2 years old, according to Banados.

“This discovery opens an exciting new window to understand the early universe,” he said in an email from Pasadena, California.

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Quasars are very bright objects in the cosmos, driven by black holes that devour everything around them. That makes them perfect candidates to unravel the mysteries of the early cosmic times.The black hole in this newest, most distant quasar is 800 million times the mass of our sun.

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Much bigger black holes exist, but none so far – at least among those found so far. These larger black holes have had more time to grow in the hearts of the galaxies since the Big Bang, compared to the young only observed.

“The new quasar is one of the first galaxies, and still houses a behemoth black hole as massive as others in the current universe,” co-author Xiaohui Fan of the Steward Observatory at the University of Arizona, said in a statement.

At the time of this most recent quasar, the universe was emerging from a supposedly dark ages. Stars and galaxies were first appearance and their ionizing radiation the surrounding hydrogen gas to illuminate the cosmos. Banados suspects there are more examples like this out there, between 20 and 100.

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“The newly discovered quasar is so bright and evolved that I would be surprised if this was the first quasar it has formed,” said Banados, “the universe is huge and the search for these very rare objects is like looking for the needle in the haystack.”

Only one other quasar has been found in this very distant category, despite extensive analyzes. This most recent quasar surpasses that previous record by about 60 million years.

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In the viewpoint, astronomers are uncertain how close it will get to the actual beginning of time, 13.8 billion years. Banados and his team used the Carnegie Magellan telescopes in Chile, supported by observatories in Hawaii, the southwestern United States, and the French Alps.

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